ANNA UNIVERSITY 5TH SEMESTER SYLLABUS
ANNA UNIVERSITY R2008 & R2009
SYLLABUS FOR ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
FOR ALL ANNA UNIV ZONES(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2301 Digital Communication 3 0 0 3
EC2302 Digital Signal Processing 3 1 0 4
EC2303 Computer Architecture and Organization 3 0 0 3
EC2305 Transmission Lines and Wave guides 3 1 0 4
GE2021 Environmental Science and Engineering 3 0 0 3
EC2304 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers 3 1 0 4
EC2306 Digital Signal Processing Lab 0 0 3 2
EC2307 Communication System Lab 0 0 3 2
EC2308 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab 0 0 3 2
EC2301 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
To introduce the basic concepts of Digital Communication in baseband and passband domains and to give an exposure to error control coding techniques.
To study signal space representation of signals and discuss the process of sampling, quantization and coding that are fundamental to the digital transmission of analog signals.
To understand baseband and bandpass signal transmission and reception techniques.
To learn error control coding which encompasses techniques for the encoding and decoding of digital data streams for their reliable transmission over noisy channels.
UNIT I DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM 8
Introduction to Analog Pulse Communication Systems – Digital Communication Systems
– Functional description, Channel classification, Performance Measure; Geometric representation of Signals, Bandwidth , Mathematical Models of Communication Channel.
UNIT II BASEBAND FORMATTING TECHNIQUES 10
Sampling – Impulse sampling, Natural Sampling, Sampler Implementation; Quantisation
– Uniform and Non-uniform; Encoding Techniques for Analog Sources- Temporal waveform encoding, Spectral waveform encoding, Model-based encoding, Comparison of speech encoding methods.
UNIT III BASEBAND CODING TECHNIQUES 9
Error Control Codes - Block Codes , Convolutional Codes, Concept of Error Free Communication; Classification of line codes, desirable characteristics and power spectra of line codes.
UNIT IV BASEBAND RECEPTION TECHNIQUES 9
Noise in Communication Systems; Receiving Filter – Correlator type, Matched Filter type; Equalising Filter - Signal and system design for ISI elimination, Implementation, Eye Pattern analysis; Synchronisation; Detector – Maximum Likelihood Detector, Error Probability, Figure-of-Merit for Digital Detection.
UNIT V BANDPASS SIGNAL TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION 9
Memory less modulation methods - Representation and Spectral characteristics, ASK, PSK, QAM, QPSK, FSK; Bandpass receiving filter, Error performance – Coherent and Non-coherent detection systems.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS
1. Amitabha Bhattacharya, “Digital Communications”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
2. Simon Haykin, “Digital Communications”, John Wiley, 2006.
1. John.G. Proakis, “Fundamentals of Communication Systems”, Pearson Education,
2. Michael. B. Purrsley, “Introduction to Digital Communication”, Pearson Education,
3. Bernard Sklar, Digital Communication, 2nd Edition, Paerson Education, 2006
4. Herbert Taub & Donald L Schilling – Principles of Communication Systems ( 3rd
Edition ) – Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.
5. Leon W. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 6th Edition, Pearson
EC2302 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
To study the signal processing methods and processors.
To study DFT and its computation
To study the design techniques for digital filters
To study the finite word length effects in signal processing
To study the non-parametric methods of power spectrum estimations
To study the fundamentals of digital signal processors.
UNIT I DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORMDFT and its properties, Relation between DTFT and DFT, FFT computations using Decimation in time and Decimation in frequency algorithms, Overlap-add and save methods
UNIT II INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS: 9
Review of design of analogue Butterworth and Chebyshev Filters, Frequency transformation in analogue domain – Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance technique – Design of digital filters using bilinear transform – pre warping – Realization using direct, cascade and parallel forms.
UNIT III FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS 9
Symmetric and Antisymmetric FIR filters – Linear phase FIR filters – Design using Hamming, Hanning and Blackmann Windows – Frequency sampling method – Realization of FIR filters – Transversal, Linear phase and Polyphase structures.
UNIT IV FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS 9
Fixed point and floating point number representations – Comparison – Truncation and Rounding errors - Quantization noise – derivation for quantization noise power – coefficient quantization error – Product quantization error - Overflow error – Roundoff noise power - limit cycle oscillations due to product roundoff and overflow errors - signal scaling
UNIT V MULTIRATE SIGNAL PROCESSING 9
Introduction to Multirate signal processing-Decimation-Interpolation-Polyphase implementation of FIR filters for interpolator and decimator -Multistage implementation of sampling rate conversion- Design of narrow band filters - Applications of Multirate signal processing.
TOTAL= 60 PERIODS
1. John G Proakis and Manolakis, “ Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms and Applications”, Pearson, Fourth Edition, 2007.
2. S.Salivahanan, A. Vallavaraj, C. Gnanapriya, Digital Signal Processing, TMH/McGraw Hill International, 2007
1. E.C. Ifeachor and B.W. Jervis, “ Digital signal processing – A
practicalapproach”,Second edition, Pearson, 2002.
2. S.K. Mitra, Digital Signal Processing, A Computer Based approach, Tata
Mc GrawHill, 1998.
3. P.P.Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems & Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs, NJ, 1993.
4. Johny R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, PHI, 2006.
EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION
To discuss the basic structure of a digital computer and to study in detail the organization of the Control unit, the Arithmetic and Logical unit, the Memory unit and the I/O unit.
To have a thorough understanding of the basic structure and operation of a digital computer.
To discuss in detail the operation of the arithmetic unit including the algorithms &
implementation of fixed-point and floating-point addition, subtraction, multiplication &
To study in detail the different types of control and the concept of pipelining.
To study the hierarchical memory system including cache memories and virtual memory.
To study the different ways of communicating with I/O devices and standard I/O
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design- Register Level, Processor Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point Numbers, Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing modes.
UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN 9
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinational and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm, non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm
UNIT III CONTROL DESIGN 9
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit, Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing, Nano Programming.
UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9
Random Access Memories, Serial - Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic Surface Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory, Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.
UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 9
Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO and system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems, multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector processor.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
1. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third edition, 1998.
2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “Computer
Organisation“, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.
1. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.
2. Paraami, “Computer Architecture”, BEH R002, Oxford Press.
3. P.Pal Chaudhuri, , “Computer organization and design”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of
4. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.
EC2305 TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES L T P C
3 1 0 4
To lay a strong foundation on the theory of transmission lines and wave guides by highlighting their applications.
To become familiar with propagation of signals through lines
Understand signal propagation at Radio frequencies
Understand radio propagation in guided systems
To become familiar with resonators
UNIT I FILTERS 9
The neper - the decibel - Characteristic impedance of Symmetrical Networks – Current and voltage ratios - Propogation constant, - Properties of Symmetrical Networks - Filter fundamentals – Pass and Stop bands. Behaviour of the Characteristic impedance.
Constant K Filters - Low pass, High pass band, pass band elimination filters - m -
derived sections – Filter circuit design – Filter performance – Crystal Filters.
UNIT II TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS 9
A line of cascaded T sections - Transmission lines - General Solution, Physical Significance of the equations, the infinite line, wavelength, velocity, propagation, Distortion line, the telephone cable, Reflection on a line not terminated in Zo, Reflection Coefficient, Open and short circuited lines, Insertion loss.
UNIT III THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCY 9
Parameters of open wire line and Coaxial cable at RF – Line constants for dissipation - voltages and currents on the dissipation less line - standing waves – nodes - standing wave ratio - input impedance of open and short circuited lines - power and impedance measurement on lines – / 4 line, Impedance matching – single and double-stub matching circle diagram, smith chart and its applications – Problem solving using Smith chart.
UNIT IV GUIDED WAVES BETWEEN PARALLEL PLANES 9
Application of the restrictions to Maxwell’s equations – transmission of TM waves between Parallel plans – Transmission of TE waves between Parallel planes. Transmission of TEM waves between Parallel planes – Manner of wave travel. Velocities of the waves – characteristic impedance - Attenuators
UNIT V WAVEGUIDES 9
Application of Maxwell’s equations to the rectangular waveguide. TM waves in Rectangular guide. TE waves in Rectangular waveguide – Cylindrical waveguides. The TEM wave in coaxial lines. Excitation of wave guides. Guide termination and resonant cavities.
L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS
1. John D.Ryder, "Networks, lines and fields", Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2006.
1. E.C.Jordan, K.G. Balmain: “E.M.Waves & Radiating Systems”, Pearson Education,
2. Joseph Edminister, Schaum’s Series, Electromegnetics, TMH, 2007.
3. G S N Raju, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Pearson
GE2021 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING L T P C
The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about
the importance of environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make them sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavour that they participates
At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment, what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity. The role of government and non-government organization in environment managements.
UNIT I ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 14
Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness - concept of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers and decomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – biogeographical classification of India – value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, national and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex- situ conservation of biodiversity.
Field study of common plants, insects, birds
Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 8
Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards – soil waste management: causes, effects and control measures of municipal solid wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies – disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.
UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES 10
Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland /
hill / mountain.
UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 7
From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy – water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of non- governmental organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products – environment production act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation act – enforcement machinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state pollution control boards- Public awareness.
UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 6
Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare programme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV / AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment and human health – Case studies.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
1. Gilbert M.Masters, “Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science”, 2nd
Edition, Pearson Education ,2004.
2. Benny Joseph, “Environmental Science and Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New
1. R.K. Trivedi, “Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards”, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.
2. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, “Environmental Encyclopedia”, Jaico
Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
3. Dharmendra S. Sengar, “Environmental law”, Prentice hall of India PVT LTD, New
4. Rajagopalan, R, “Environmental Studies-From Crisis to Cure”, Oxford University
EC2304 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER L T P C
3 1 0 4
AIM To learn the architecture, programming, interfacing and rudiments of system design of microprocessors and microcontrollers.
To introduce microprocessors and basics of system design using microprocessors.
To introduce h/w architecture, instruction set and programming of 8085 microprocessor.
To introduce the h/w architecture, instruction set and programming of 8086
To introduce the peripheral interfacing of microprocessors.
To introduce through case studies, the system design principles using 8085 and
To introduce the h/w architecture, instruction set, programming and interfacing of
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO 8 BIT AND 16 BIT MICROPROCESSORS – H/W ARCHITECTURE 9
Introduction to microprocessor, computer and its organization, Programming system, Address bus, data bus and control bus, Tristate bus, clock generation, Connecting Microprocessor to I/O devices , Data transfer schemes, Architectural advancements of microprocessors. Introductory System design using microprocessors, 8086 – Hardware Architecture, External memory addressing, Bus cycles, some important Companion Chips, Maximum mode bus cycle, 8086 system configuration, Memory Interfacing, Minimum mode system configuration, Maximum mode system configuration, Interrupt processing, Direct memory access.
UNIT II 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTION SET AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING 9
Programmer’s model of 8086, operand types, operand addressing, assembler directives, instruction set - Data transfer group, Arithmetic group, logical group, control transfer group, miscellaneous instruction groups, programming.
UNIT III MICROPROCESSOR PERIPHERAL INTERFACING 9
Introduction, Generation of I/O Ports, Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPI)-Intel
8255, Sample-and-Hold Circuit and Multiplexer, Keyboard and Display Interface, Keyboard and Display Controller (8279), Programmable Interval timers (Intel 8253,
8254), D-to-A converter, A-to-D converter, CRT Terminal Interface, Printer Interface.
UNIT IV 8 BIT MICROCONTROLLER- H/W ARCHITECTURE, INSTRUCTION
SET AND PROGRAMMING 9
Introduction to 8051 Micro-controller, Architecture, Memory organization, Special function registers, Port Operation, Memory Interfacing, I/O Interfacing, Programming
8051 resources, interrupts, Programmer’s model of 8051, Operand types, Operand addressing, Data transfer instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logic instructions, Control transfer instructions, Programming
UNIT V SYSTEM DESIGN USING MICRO PROCESSOR &
Case studies – Traffic light control, washing machine control, RTC Interfacing using I2C Standard- Motor Control- Relay, PWM, DC & Stepper Motor.
L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS
1. Krishna Kant, “MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS Architecture,
programming and system design using 8085, 8086, 8051 and 8096”. PHI 2007.
2. Douglas V Hall, “MICROPROCESSORS AND INTERFACING, PROGRAMMING AND HARDWARE” TMH, 2006.57
1. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin D.MCKinlay The 8051
Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Second Edition, Pearson Education 2008.
2. Kenneth J. Ayala, “The 8086 Microprocessor: Programming & Interfacing The PC”,
Delmar Publishers, 2007.
3. A K Ray, K M Bhurchandi, Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals, TMH, 2007.
EC2306 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY
To introduce the student to various digital Signal Processing techniques using TMS
320c5x family processors and MATLAB.
To implement the processing techniques using the instructions of
TMS320C5X/TMS320C 67XX/ADSP 218X/219X/BS531/532/561
To implement the IIR and FIR filter using MATLAB.
USING TMS320C5X/TMS320C 67XX/ADSP 218X/219X/BS531/532/561
1. Study of various addressing modes of DSP using simple programming examples
2. Implementation of Linear and Circular Convolution
3. Sampling of input signal and display
4. Waveform generation
5. Implementation of FIR filter
1. Generation of Signals
2. Linear and circular convolution of two sequences
3. Sampling and effect of aliasing
4. Design of FIR filters
5. Design of IIR filters
6. Calculation of FFT of a signal
7. Decimation by polyphase decomposition.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
EC2307 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS LABORATORY L T P C
0 0 3 2
1. Amplitude modulation and Demodulation.
2. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation
3. Pulse Modulation – PAM / PWM / PPM
4. Pulse Code Modulation
5. Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulation.
6. Digital Modulation & Demodulation – ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK (Hardware & MATLAB)
7. Designing, Assembling and Testing of Pre-Emphasis / De-emphasis Circuits.
8. PLL and Frequency Synthesizer
9. Line Coding
10. Error Control Coding using MATLAB.
11. Sampling & Time Division Multiplexing.
12. Frequency Division Multiplexing,
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
EC2308 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
1. Programs for 16 bit Arithmetic operations (Using 8086).
2. Programs for Sorting and Searching (Using 8086).
3. Programs for String manipulation operations (Using 8086).
4. Programs for Digital clock and Stop watch (Using 8086).
5. Interfacing ADC and DAC.
6. Parallel Communication between two MP Kits using Mode 1 and Mode 2 of 8255.
7. Interfacing and Programming 8279, 8259, and 8253.
8. Serial Communication between two MP Kits using 8251.
9. Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor and DC Motor Speed control.
10. Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation instructions of 8051 microcontroller.
11. Programming and verifying Timer, Interrupts and UART operations in 8051
12. Communication between 8051 Microcontroller kit and PC.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
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